Tommy ScheetzDylan RamseyTad Johnson
Published © GPL3+

Carbon Fiber Vacuum Chamber

Our project is a carbon fiber vacuum chamber that is monitored by multiple particle photons and various sensors.

IntermediateProtipOver 1 day3,760
Carbon Fiber Vacuum Chamber

Things used in this project

Hardware components

3 Pin Fan
×1
100k Thermistor
×1
LED (generic)
LED (generic)
Included with particle
×1
Photo resistor
Photo resistor
Included with particle
×1
Relay (generic)
SPDT 1A, 5V Relay
×1
Resistor 10k ohm
Resistor 10k ohm
×2
Resistor 221 ohm
Resistor 221 ohm
×2
Photon
Particle Photon
×3

Software apps and online services

Particle
Particle.io

Story

Read more

Custom parts and enclosures

CREO Files for project

Here are the creo files for the hard components of the project.

Schematics

Circuit Diagram

Wire the components accordingly
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Code

Fan

C/C++
The fan code triggers fan on and records fan speed
int counter = D0; //yellow wire from 3 pin fan
int period;
int frequency;
int rpm;
int power = D1;
int power2 = D2;


void setup()
{
    
    pinMode(counter,INPUT_PULLDOWN); // counter needs 3.3v pulldown
    pinMode(power, OUTPUT); // 5v relay needs 2 sources to power it on. power and power2
    pinMode(power2, OUTPUT);
    Particle.subscribe("tjohn212LidStatus", myHandler); // using the unique name from lidsensor, subscribe to the event. Assign myHandler code below
    delay(2000);
    
}


void loop()
{
    
    period = (pulseIn(D0, HIGH))/3600; // the PWM provides a period, or duration between pulses
    frequency = (10 / period); // must take the inverse of period to get frequency
    rpm = (frequency*60); // and finally convert frequency to RPM
    Particle.publish("rpm", String(rpm)); // publish final value to console
    delay(1000);
}


void myHandler(const char *event, const char *data) // here is were you assign myHandler task
{
  
  if (strcmp(data,"ON")==0) // we have to convert the incoming data using strcmp() which compares two chars.
  {
    digitalWrite(power,HIGH); // if the lid is on from the other photon, turn fan on
    digitalWrite(power2,HIGH);
    delay(500);
  }
  else if (strcmp(data,"OFF")==0)
  {
    digitalWrite(power,LOW); // if the lid is off turn fan off
    digitalWrite(power2,LOW);
    delay(500);
  }
}

Lid Sensor

C/C++
The lid code turns on LED based on whether or not the lid is on or not
int lidon;
int lidoff;
int led = D0; // Where LED is plugged into. The other side goes to a resistor connected to GND.
int photoresistor = A0; // Where photoresistor is plugged into. The other side goes to the "power" pin (below).
int power = A5; // Other end of your photoresistor. The other side is plugged into the "photoresistor" pin (above).
int analogvalue; // Here we are declaring the integer variable analogvalue, which we will use later to store the value of the photoresistor.
bool lid = false;


void setup()
{

    pinMode(led,OUTPUT); // LED pin is output
    pinMode(photoresistor,INPUT);  // input reading from photoresistor
    pinMode(power,OUTPUT); // pin powering photoresistor
    digitalWrite(power,HIGH); // write the photoresistor to max power
}


void loop()
{

    analogvalue = analogRead(photoresistor); // reads value from photoresistor 
    delay(10);
    if (analogvalue < 5) //if value above is less than, turn ON LED
    {    
        digitalWrite(led,HIGH);
        if (lid==true)
        {
            Particle.publish("tjohn212LidStatus","ON"); // using unique event name, publish to console so other photon can subscribe
            delay(1000);
            lid=false;
        }
    }
    else
    {
        digitalWrite(led,LOW); // any other value not less than, turn OFF LED
        if (lid==false)
        {
            Particle.publish("tjohn212LidStatus","OFF");
            delay(1000);
            lid=true;
        }
    }
}

Thermistor

C/C++
Thermistor code publishes temperature readings to console
#include <math.h>
const int pullup_res = 10000; // ( 10kOm )
const double beta = 4390; // in K for Semitec 104 GTA-2
const double thermistor_res = 100000; // 100kOm thermistor
const double thermistor_nom_temp = 77; // Nominal Farenheit

void setup()
{
}


void loop()
{
 thermistor_temp(analogRead(4));
 delay(1000);
}


void thermistor_temp(int aval)
{
 double R, T;
R = (double) pullup_res / ( (4095 / (double) aval ) - 1 );
 
 T = 1 / ( ( 1 / (thermistor_nom_temp + 241.15 )) + ( ( 1 / beta) * log ( R / thermistor_res ) ) );
 
 T -= 241.15; // convert K to F
 
 // return degrees F
 Particle.publish("Temperature", String(T) + " °F"); // publishes temp to console every 2 seconds
 delay(2000);
}

Credits

Tommy Scheetz

Tommy Scheetz

1 project • 2 followers
Dylan Ramsey

Dylan Ramsey

1 project • 2 followers
Tad Johnson

Tad Johnson

1 project • 2 followers
Thanks to Professor John McAlpine .

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